How the States Were Made

The original 13 British colonies that rebelled against England in 1776 and won independence for our nation were eligible to become states under the Articles of Confederation, which created the democratic government of the people during and after the Revolutionary War, which ended in 1783.

Then in 1787 the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia proposed the Constitution of the United States to replace the Articles on Confederation, and those same 13 former colonies became the first 13 states in the Union by following the procedure required for ratification of the Constitution in 1789-1790.

Since the first 13 states ratified the Constitution, 37 new states have been added by Congress.   The Constitution gives Congress the power to admit new states to the Union. Four states have been carved out of the original 13 states, which required consent of the state legislature concerned.

  • Vermont was formed from New York (1791)
  • Maine from  Massachusetts (1820)
  • Kentucky from Virginia (1792)
  • West Virginia from Virginia(1863)

Texas was an independent Republic that was admitted to statehood in 1845.

The remaining 32 states were territories claimed or acquired by the United States and governed by the federal government until admitted to the Union in accordance with the Northwest Ordinance tradition for the transition of U.S. citizen populated federal territories to statehood.

The legal and political process for integration of lands west of the 13 original states was an issue dating back to the British colonial period. The Northwest Ordinance was enacted under the Articles of Confederation in 1787 to provide for integration of the territory Northwest of the Ohio River claimed by the new American nation.

When the First Congress of the United States convened under the Constitution it re-enacted the Northwest Ordinance as the first U.S. territorial organizational statute or “organic act” for the territories that would become Ohio (1803), Indiana (1816) and Illinois (1818). Beginning with Tennessee in 1796 until the admission of Hawaii in 1959, the principles for temporary government of territories, application of the Constitution and for formation of a democratic government embodied in the Northwest Ordinance became a traditional model under which all federal territories inhabited by U.S. citizens and comparable to other states were admitted to the Union.

Puerto Rico is the only such territory in U.S. history to be treated less than equally with those territories already admitted  as states.

5 Comments

Jose

THEY SHOLD VOTE FOR STATEHOOD, BECOME A STATE, THATS THE ONLY SOLUTION. THEY WILL HAVE SAME RIGHTS AND BENEFIT AS A ANY OTHER STATE.

Reply
pr51st

Puerto Rico voters voted for statehood in 2012 and 2017. Please remind your congresspeople that they have to take the next step.

Reply
Jorge A Rivera

All of them came into the union under totally different circumstances and PUSHED by “AMERICANS”. Puerto Rico has been since 1902-20 under TOTALLY different REASONS part of the US, PUSHED by economic reasons from AMERICANS investors… not looking for the BENEFIT of the Puerto Ricans but for their OWN FINANCIAL benefit. The main reason for SCOTUS invention of their “Unincorporated Territory”. The question we MUST ASK is WHEN our people get together and DEMAND OUR EQUALITY. The plebiscites the Statehooders have won in reality, EVEN THOUGH LEGAL were nothing to brag about. Even with the 60+% and the 90+% because of the LOW TURNOUT and because when you put together the PPD’s blank votes, those that voted for Free Association and y add to that the PIP votes, they ADD for much more than the Statehood vote. in addition to a very LOW TURN OUT of voters. PUERTO RICO, Puerto RICANS MUST UNITE and had a true DECOLONIZATION Plebiscite Statehood, vs Independence (full or free associated). NOT the so call “Statehood YES or NO” that the present Governor is saying they will have in 2020. A Plebiscite that the “NO”, MOST LIKELY WIN. Killing any chance of Statehood FOR A VERY LONG, LONG TIME.

Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.